Programming, Python

Django and JSON stores: a match in heaven

My current project is using CouchDB as its store and Django to implement the web frontend. When you have a JSON store such as CouchDB then Python is a natural complement due to its brilliant parsing of JSON into native data structures and its powerful dictionary data type that makes it really easy to work with maps.

In a previous project using Python and Mongo we used Presentation objects to provide domain logic on top of the raw data maps but this time around I wanted to try and cut out a layer and just work with maps as much as possible (perhaps the influence of the Clojure programming I’ve been doing on the side).

However this still leaves two problems that need addressing. Firstly Django templates generally handle dictionaries like a dream allowing to address them with the standard dot syntax. However both Mongo and Couch use leading underscores to indicate “special” variables and this clashes with the Python convention of having a leading underscore indicate a private member of the class. The most immediate time you encounter this is when you want to use the id of a document in a url and the naive doc._id does not work.

The other problem is the issue of legitimate domain logic. In Wazoku we want to use people’s names if they have supplied them and fallback to their email if they haven’t supplied their name.

The answer to both of these problems (without resorting to an intermediary object) is Django’s filters. The necessary logic can be written in a few lines of Python that simply examines the dictionary and does the necessary transformation to derive the id or user’s name. This is much lighter than the corresponding Presentation solution.

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